Levels explained

The Common European Framework for languages has six levels: A1, A2, B1, B2, C1 and C2. If you’re currently studying a language course, your tutor will be able to tell you your level, but if you don’t know, use the following as a rough guide.

The resources we index on Linguabuddy have been analysed for suitability for use by foreign learners, based on how much of the language used they are likely to recognise.

Level Language Capability Grammar Concepts

You are likely at level one if you are studying, or can understand:

  • Basic everyday phrases: where you live, things you have.
  • Telling the time, asking for directions.

We don’t have reading or listening resources specifically for A1 learners, so set your level to A2, and then set the difficulty filters to 1 (Simple) and 2 (Suitable), to give yourself the best chance.

Although you won’t understand much to begin with, as you continue to study, your exposure will help you learn more quickly.

Present tense verbs, including o:ue, e:ie, e:i stem changers.


You can understand routine phrases and communicate on common tasks, for example, booking a bus ticket, shopping, your work, you background.

By the end of this level, most people can understand and communicate provided they have a) time to prepare, b) are familiar with the subject matter and c) people are prepared to help or speak slowly. Your vocabulary may also be a little limited.

Grammatically, you are being taught or are familiar with:

  • Preterite and imperfect tense
  • Preterito perfecto and pluscuamperfecto (he hecho, habia hecho etc)

By now, you will be more confident discussing your topics of interest, and can understand conversation and text in areas you are familiar with, and speak in simple terms about matter outside your favourite topics.

As part of learning the subjunctive, you are starting to introduce nuanced meaning into your range: doubt, uncertainty, desires etc.

  • Conditional and future tenses.
  • Presente de subjuntivo

By now, you are able to understand the main thrust of most of what you hear and read, and can discuss the finer details of your subjects of interest. In most cases, you are able to communicate with native speakers spontaneously although you may search for expressions or unfamiliar words.

Grammatically, you can now use:

  • Complex subjunctive tenses
  • Future and conditional perfect

If you are at this level, you can understand a wide range of complex or detatexts or discussions, pick up implied meaning, understand the context of text or discussions without needing explanation, and discuss freely without noticeable hesitation for longer periods. By this point you are “thinking in Spanish” rather than translating from your native tongue and back again.

If you are at this level, try selecting some resources from other categories and stretch yourself.

There aren’t major grammatical concepts to learn at this level; rather it’s about greater familiarity with everyday use of the language in situations which you aren’t familiar with.


By this point, you understand almost everything your hear or read and communicate using fine, precise meaning.

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