Pretérito Perfecto de Subjuntivo

The pretérito perfecto de subjuntivo is a Spanish tense which is used when the speaker is indicating doubt, uncertainty or personal opinion that they hold now, about an action or event that has happened in the past.

As with all forms of the subjunctive, a trigger phrase must be used, indicating that the speaker is uncertain, or speaking subjectively, and that trigger phrase will use the present tense. However, if the action being referred to has already happened, the Pretérito Perfecto de Subjuntivo is used in place of the presente de subjuntivo.

Es posible que hayas escuchado hablar sobre “el internet las cosas”

It’s possible you have heard talk of “the internet of things”

Las nuevas medidas aplican para quienes hayan comprado los boletos a partir del 1 enero de este año.

The new measures apply to those who have bought tickets since 1 January this year.

Conjugating the Pretérito Perfecto de Subjuntivo

To conjugate this form, the verb haber is used in presente de subjuntivo, combined with the past participle of the verb being used.

hayadicho
hayascomido
hayatenido
hayamospuesto
hayáishecho
hayanentendido

Irregular verbs in the Pretérito Perfecto de Subjuntivo

Haber is irregular in the presente de subjuntivo, with the stem changing to hay- instead of hab-, as shown in the table above.

Like all compound verbs in Spanish, there are no irregularities specific to this tense, just the inherited irregularities in haber, and in the participles.

Test Yourself!

YoYou mean there’s more than one subjuntivo tense? Oh yes, and it has added participles too!

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